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     Arts

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Arts
 
Vietnam boasts some 50 national musical instruments, in which the set of percussion instruments such as trong dong (copper drums), cong chieng (gongs), dan da (lithophone), dan t?rung is most popular. The set of wind instruments is represented by flutes and pan-pipes while string instruments is specified by dan bau (mono-cord zither)and dan day. The Vietnamese folksongs, rich in forms and melodies, can be heard in different parts of the country, ranging from ngam tho (reciting poems), hat ru (lullaby), ho (chanty) to hat quan ho, trong quan, xoan, dum, vi giam, ca Hue, bai choi and ly. Apart from this, there are also other forms like hat xam, chau van, and ca tru.
Traditional performing arts include cheo and tuong. Water-puppet shows are also a special traditional art that was ignited in the Ly Dynasty. At the start of the 20th century, cai luong (reformed drama) appeared in Cochinchina with melodies of vong co (nostalgic voices).

The Vietnamese acoustic arts generally have symbolic, expressive and emotional features. Traditional stage is closely related to the audience and is a combination of music and dance forms. The Vietnamese dance has few strong and tough movements but contains many smooth and curling features with closed foot-steps and a lot of arm-dancing actions.
In Vietnam, the arts of sculpture made on stone, copper and baked clay date back to the 10,000 B.C. Later, enameled ceramics, wooden statues, shell-encrusted pictures, lacquers, silk paintings and paper-cut pictures all attained high degree of artistic value. The Vietnamese plastic arts focus on expressing innermost feelings with simplified forms, using many methods of stylization and emphasis.

There have been 2,014 cultural and historical relics recognized by the State. Among them, three sites including the former imperial city of Hue, the Ha Long Bay and the Hoi An ancient town have been acknowledged by UNESCO as the world heritage. Other ancient architectures are mostly pagodas and temples of the Ly-Tran Dynasties, palaces and stelas of the Le Dynasty, the 18th century?s communal houses, citadels and tombs of the Nguyen Dynasty, and Cham towers.
I

n the 20th century, thanks to broad accesses to Western culture, especially after the national independence, many new categories of arts like plays, photography, cinemas, and modern art have taken shape and developed strongly, obtaining significant achievements. Their contents reflect realities in the social life. By the end of 1997, 44 artists had been awarded the Ho Chi Minh Award, 130 others the title "People?s Artist", and another 1,011 the title " Emeritus Artist". At the start of 1997, there had been 191 professional artistic organizations and 26 film studios (including central and local ones). So far, 28 Vietnamese features and 49 scientific and documentary films have been awarded at different international film festivals.

The traditional national culture is facing with tough challenges posed by the market economy in the process of the country's integration into the region and the world as a whole. Renovation is being made in some cultural and artistic branches. The conservation and development of the national culture, the selection of the traditional values and the creation of the new ones have received due attention. Vietnam is striving to build up and develop a modern culture of high traditional value. To this end, co-operation with other countries is of great importance.

 

 

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